Friday, 17 November 2017

How to improve your hair texture naturally

Everyone yearns for thick, shiny, silky hair with good texture. They say the texture of one’s hair can hair texture can redefine the entire look. If the texture of your hair is brittle and rough, it will look lifeless no matter how beautifully curled or straightened it is. You might have come across commercial hair products that contains chemicals and possibly can do more harm than good. And not to mention such products might also dig a hole in your pocket.
The best way to improve the texture of your hair is to go all natural with absolutely zero side effects and less expenses. 

Eat healthy diet: You are what you eat and your diet does reflect the texture of your hair. If you want to improve the texture of your hair, improve your diet and drink adequate water. Your diet should include essential nutrients such as iron, vitamins A, B, C and E, zinc etc. Include spinach, legumes and oranges to your diet, as they are rich in nutrients that are much required for your hair to be healthy. Spinach contains vitamin A and C, whereas, legumes are rich in zinc, biotin, iron and is known to maintain the quality of the hair. Regular consumption of orange increases the hair texture and volume.
Massage your hair with oil: Oiling the hair regularly can do wonders for your hair texture. It actually does have multiple benefits such as relieving stress, improving blood circulation, increasing the tensile strength of the hair strand, reducing dryness promoting healthy hair growth and so on. Olive oil, coconut oil, castor oil and almond oil rich in anti-oxidants and vitamin E, not only improves the texture of your hair but also softens and strengthens it. Slightly massage your hair and scalp with fingertips in circular motion for at least 30 to 45 minutes. Leave it for overnight and rinse it the next morning. Do it once a week for 2 to 3 months to see the result.
Wash your hair with green Tea: Not only good for your health, but green tea is great for your hair too. With goodness of Vitamin C, anti-oxidants and poly phenols, it acts as a conditioner and adds life and luster to your hair. Prepare green tea (of course, without sugar) and wash your hair with it. Follow it twice a week till you experience the difference.
Make hair mask with egg, honey and lemon: For the much-needed protein treatment, beat the egg properly and add 1 spoon of honey, olive oil and lemon juice. Apply this mask to your hair and wash it after 20 minutes to enjoy healthy looking hair with good texture.
Indian Gooseberry (Amla) For Hair: Indian gooseberry, rich in anti-oxidants and vitamin C, strengthens and improve the texture of the hair. Mix the powder of Indian gooseberry with water and make a paste of it. Coat your hair with the paste and leave it for 20 minutes before rinsing it with shampoo. Repeat every few weeks for effective results.

By Mercy Kukah

Bed time Beauty Habits to help you look Beautiful

Throughout the day, the skin gets exposed to harsh ultraviolet (UV) sunrays, dust and air pollution, harsh chemicals and environmental pollution. This can cause significant damage to your skin leading to skin fatigue like premature aging, wrinkles, fine lines and a dull complexion. You can reverse this by taking good care of your skin and hair during the night. While you sleep, the skin repairs itself and with very little effort from you, the skin will become even healthier. A proper nightly skin care routine will help improve your skin tone, make your skin glow, reduce blemishes, hydrate and rejuvenate the skin. Simply give a few minutes to your skin each night and you will see improvement and enhanced beauty within a few days.
Here are some bed time beauty habits that will help you look more beautiful and glowing;
Always remove Your Makeup each night before going to bed: Irrespective of your busy schedule and no matter how extremely tired you are, never go to bed with makeup on your face; always make time to remove your makeup. This is very important if you truly wish to keep your skin looking young and ageless. When you sleep at night, your skin repairs itself and the skin pores open up. But when there is a layer of makeup on your face like lipstick, mascara, foundation, powder and eye shadow, the pores get clogged. This results in spots, uneven skin tone and even acne breakouts. You can use a makeup remover, facial cleanser, face wipe or cold cream to cleanse your skin and make it makeup free.
Never forget to brush your teeth: Once your dinner is finished, make sure to brush and floss your teeth before going to bed. This will help keep your mouth free from germs, cavities and infections. Also, it will help avoid serious morning bad breath. Use a soft-bristle toothbrush and toothpaste to brush your teeth before going to bed. Brush the outer and inner surfaces of your teeth. Floss your teeth and then rinse your mouth thoroughly with warm or cold water. It is suggested to brush your teeth about 30 minutes after having your meal, especially if it is acidic as brushing immediately after a meal may push the acid deeper into the dentin.
After washing your feet ensure you apply foot cream or Vaseline: Beautiful and healthy feet are the true reflection of your beauty and personality, you cannot ignore them during your nightly beauty regimen. After washing your feet, pat dry them properly. Then apply some petroleum jelly or a foot cream on dry, rough skin on your feet to prevent cracked heels and make them soft. Cover your feet with socks and then go to bed.  If you have time, massage your feet daily at night using circular motions for at least 5 minutes. This will help you relax and sleep better.
Tie up your Hair: Before heading to bed, tie up your hair. While fastening your hair, make sure it is not too tight. If your tie your hair too tight, it will create pressure on the hairline and, eventually, you may lose your hair. Leaving your hair undone at night is not a good idea as it will make the hair more tangled and will look messy look in the morning. Hair contains oils and dirt that can get on your face and cause pimples and acne breakouts so tying your hair at night will benefit both your hair and face.
Don’t ignore those rosy lips: Dry, chapped and cracked lips can ruin all of your beauty efforts. To have a naturally glowing face, equal attention should be given to the lips, too. Make a homemade lip balm with Shea butter. Mix a few drops of rose essential oil along with Shea butter to make a smooth, homemade lip balm for your rosy lips. Apply the balm at night, leaving it on overnight. The beautiful smell of the lip balm will add extra charm to your morning beauty.
Get Enough Sleep: These beauty tips can only work if you have sufficient sleep at night. For a splendid look in the morning, sleep should not be compromised. Eight hours of sleep each night will not only give you a glowing skin but will increase the functionality of your digestive system, which is directly connected to your appearance. So, be sure to get eight hours of sleep before anything else.
Looking beautiful is everyone’s dream and like any dream, this demands effort and dedication. Maintaining these bedtime beauty habits will help to start your day better.
Therefore, make it a habit from today.

By Mercy Kukah

Thursday, 16 November 2017

Chelsea legend Drogba to call it quit on his football career

Former Chelsea and Ivorian striker Didier Drogba is ready to bring his illustrious football career to an end in 2018. Drogba spent most of the successful period of his career at Chelsea winning four league tiles, three League Cups, four FA cup titles and a Champion’s League title. After leaving Montreal Impact following the end of the 2016 Major League Soccer season, Drogba became the first player/owner in the history of the game when he took over United Soccer League outfit Phoenix Rising FC in 2017. The 39-year-old, who is playing for Phoenix
Rising in America's USL where he also owns a stake in the club, has revealed that he is to hang up his boots at the end of the current campaign. Drogba made 381 appearances for Chelsea across two spells, scoring 164 times in the process. Speaking to RMC Sport, Drogba said: "Ah, do you want a scoop? I think next year will be my last season. "At some point you have to stop. I need to have time for my other projects." He added: "It's good to play, but at 39, it holds me back a bit."
Drogba is reportedly aiming to follow in David Beckham's footsteps and attempt to launch his own MLS franchise. Drogba has been playing for Phoenix since the turn of the year, where he has scored 10 times in 14 appearances. He left Chelsea in the summer of 2015 to move to America and spent two seasons with Montreal Impact in the MLS. Drogba also has Turkish Super Lig, Super Cup and Turkish Cup honours to his name with Galatasaray.
We played a new system against Argentina - Mikel Obi
Captain of the Super Eagles of Nigeria John Obi Mikel has reacted to their incredible win over Argentina in an international friendly match played in Russia. The Super Eagles had to come back from two goals down to beat the South Americans on Tuesday night, November 14, 2017. Mikel who played all minutes in the game admitted that the Super Eagles struggled in the first half, but played a new system in the second half for them to win the match. He said; “We played a new system today which we never played before so we struggled to find our feet in the first half but at the break, the coach spoke to us and we corrected our mistakes which helped us to fight back. Our team is still a work in progress.”
Head coach of the Super Eagles Gernot Rohr also stated clearly that he was happy that his wards came back from two goals down to beat Argentina. He said; it’s good victory for us but it doesn’t mean we’ve become favorites to win the World Cup. We stay humble & realize we have more work to do. We prepared well for this game because playing with Argentina is big for us even though it may be different for them.
Why I decided against Hull City move - Ahmed Musa
Super Eagles attacker Ahmed Musa has revealed why he snubbed a move to Hull City that would have seen him reunite with former boss Leonid Slutsky. Musa, 25, revealed that he was unwilling to drop to the English Championship to join Hull City despite showing interest in playing for Leonid Slutsky. The Nigeria winger has been on the periphery at Leicester City, and confirmed speculations about why he
opted against reuniting with his former manager. Talks broke down on deadline day as the Tigers were hopeful of landing the 24-year-old speedster who instead stayed at the King Power Stadium, unwilling to sacrifice top-flight football.
 “Slutsky for me is a father. And we are always in touch, we communicate warmly,” Musa told Sport Express. “He has always helped me to feel confident, to believe in my strength. And he really called me to his team. I just cannot tell him ‘no’. Perhaps in the near future again I will play for his team. “[Hull City playing in the Championship] is the problem. It is for this reason that it's hard for
me to decide." Since deciding to fight for his place at Leicester City, Musa’s
situation has not improved as his only league appearance has come for
the Foxes’ U23 side.

By Mercy Kukah

Mambilla – The Coldest Plateau in Nigeria

The Mambilla plateau is one of the natural tourist attractions with which the Taraba people are blessed, and prides itself on being the nature’s gift to the nation. It is located at Gembu in Sardauna local government area of the state.
The Mambilla plateau is a highly grass land plateau with an average elevation of about 1,524 metres (5,000 ft.) above the sea level, making it the highest plateau in Nigeria. Tourism provides for cultural pride, greater awareness of natural environmental endowment and its economic values, a sense of ownership and reduction in vulnerability of the poor through income diversification. Today, tourism is seen as a goldmine which any nation, state or community endowed with such natural attraction can generate abundant foreign and direct income every year.
The world tourism day is celebrated on the Mambilla plateau on 28th September of every year. The people in the area use the occasion to showcase some of the rich cultural heritage and eco-tourism potential of the state. Government officials and politicians in the state are invited and long speeches and promises are made.
The Mambilla plateau has a distinct amiable climate with its temperature element making it a prime destination for lovers of mild weather. The Mambilla plateau has variously been described as the little Europe in Nigeria. It is no wonder that many high profile individuals in the country have acquired properties on the plateau. The plateau is a resource frontier zone filled with abundant natural resources such as agricultural crops, diverse mineral resources, wildlife, beautiful scenery and lots more that far outweigh many other plateau in the country. Unlike Obudu plateau, the Mambilla plateau has far more land area and many towns that are developed. It has been referred to by many as the mountain of death; this is solely because of the height and steep nature of the slope.
The immediate past President, Goodluck Jonathan during his administration pledged to build a presidential resort on the Mambilla plateau to serve as holiday camp for African presidents, mirroring Camp David in the United State if re-elected. Mambilla plateau is located on a high altitude making it one of the coolest points in the country. The President said, when the holiday camp is completed, the project would generate 3050 mega watts of electricity, provide water for irrigation and create job opportunities for the residents of the area.
The Mambilla plateau has one of the best weather conditions in the country which is cool and always accommodating all year round, unlike other parts of the country where there are temperature extremes during the day and night. The Mambilla plateau is free of mosquitoes and tsetse flies. Daytime temperature hardly exceed 25ᵒC, the driest months are from late November until early march with relative humidity dropping to about 15% while the wet season usually starts at its peak from August. The Mambilla plateau is inhabited by five major ethnic groups with different cultural heritage. These ethnic groups are Mambilla, kaka, Fulani, Panso and kambu. Just as the weather is accommodating so are the people of the Mambilla plateau, welcoming and so hospitable. The Mambilla language is a combination of different dialects and related languages. The journey to Mambilla starts on a snake-like road from the foot of the mountain to the top, about 25 to 30 minutes drive where you start savouring the beauty of the plateau. It has a lot of scenic views to behold, which while watching the mountain chain and the curvaceous valleys you will have a breath of fresh air that is uncommon in many other parts of Nigeria.
The major tourist attraction sites on the plateau are the mountain chain, the plain green view and a magnificent water fall. Then there is the historic site, the famous cave in mbamnga Ndumyaji. There is the rock with a giant foot print of an ancient warrior at kabri, the rock with a horse foot print at Hienary, the historic site of the ancient blacksmith that existed before the modern one at Killa Yang. There is also the historic rock of the Mbar people that looks like a woman and her daughter. The Mambilla plateau is richly blessed with fertile land and various crops grow well there. Livestock such as cow, goat, sheep and other rare birds thrive on the plateau. There are also natural forest like the Ngel Yaki mountain forest and the Ndum-Yaji forest that are home to very rare species of birds and trees which have attracted lots of researchers from around the world. Due to the remote location and the undulating nature of the plateau and lack of properly tarred roads which are still under construction, the use of utility vehicles are recommended and visitors should make sure that essential camping equipment and food are included in their journey list to achieve maximum comfort and sightseeing adventure.

By: Mercy Kukah

Wednesday, 15 November 2017

Advantages and Disadvantages of Interracial Marriages

Interracial marriage is a form of exogamy. (Exogamy is considered a social arrangement where marriage is allowed only outside a social group, community, clan or tribe) Interracial marriage can also be referred to as mixed or intercultural marriage. Most people do not give any consideration to skin colour, tribe or religion when choosing their life partner, while others put all these factors into consideration before choosing their mate. Some may wonder why someone will choose to marry a person who is e from a different world, background and culture. Family, friends and the society are not left out in such decision, they will definitely have a negative attitude to bear when their son or daughter fall in love or marry someone from a different race. They may not be too accepting the choice of a life partner for several reasons, for some, they simply feel uncomfortable interacting with people from different race. Interracial marriages is becoming popular around world today and have undergone big transformation over the past generations. People who are involved in this type of marriage may experience discrimination, stigma and lack of acceptance from the society they live in. The challenges of interracial marriages are uniquely different from other forms of marriages. Couple who indulge in interracial marriages have to be able to effectively blend into their partner’s culture, tradition, values and beliefs. Placing your values above your spouse will only lead to slow, steady and certain destruction of your marriage. Therefore, it is important to be well inform and aware of the advantages and disadvantages involved with interracial marriages before taking the big step.
Some advantages of interracial marriage include but not limited to:
It enables the couple the opportunity to learn the uniqueness of each other’s culture, understand each other ethics, moral standards and way of life. They will also be able to learn each other’s language, food, religion, their music, fashion and arts.
Genetics: Children that are born into interracial marriages inherit the best side of their parents’ genes. This unique combination of two different races can be of great benefit to offspring of interracial couples when it comes to physical appearance, emotional strength and IQ. Hey also tend to have stronger immunity against several diseases.
Breaking Stereotypes: When you marry someone that is of a different race from yours, it gives you and people around you the opportunity to break negative stereotypes about respective races. It also provides a counter example to ignorant and hateful stereotypes, help others become more open minded to accept other races, which will help create awareness and reduce discrimination.
There is never a dull moment: Interracial couple never lack what to talk about. They always have so many wonderful and diverse things they share with each other such as talking about their childhood experiences, their cultural history, food, fashion, languages and land.
Disadvantages of interracial marriages include but not limited to:
Lack of acceptance: Interracial marriages tend to experience high level of discrimination from family and friends. Family members will find it very difficult to accept one’s choice of a life partner for fear that one might abandon their culture and traditions, and over time forget their root.
Different parenting Style: Interracial couples may have difficulties in bringing up their children due to the different ways they were brought up by their parents and the background in which they grew up .These differences can cause disagreement amongst the couple. In other to avoid clashes, it is important for interracial couples to compromise in the areas that they disagree and come together in the areas that they agree on.
Both Families may have difficulties interacting: Both families may have difficulties in interacting and relating well with each other due to differences in language, accent and intonation and stress pattern in their various languages. Interracial couples may misinterpret gesture from their mate and this could lead to serious misunderstanding. 
Identity problem: They may have difficulties in knowing which culture to belong to and some may end up not being able to identify with their root especially if their parents never introduce them to both their maternal and paternal relatives.
Attractunnecessaryattention: Interracial couple tend to attract abnormal attention from people. For instance most people stare at them when they are together in a public place. Particularly, when they are attending a social function an unusual stare could make them uncomfortable and may decide to leave the function before the official closing time.
Wrong motive Involved: Some people get into interracial marriages because of personal interest. Some people have enter interracial marriages as a result of promises of economic benefits, migration or political reasons. For such individuals, the may be inundated with problems  
People’s perception about this type of marriages is undoubtedly taking a positive spin that is why interracial marriages are flourishing today. So, before you take the leap into interracial dating or marriage, be sure that you are well aware of the challenges involved.   

By Mercy Kukah

Entertainment News/Celebline

Singer Chidinma Makes Acting Debut in ‘The Bridge’
Nigerian singer, Chidinma Ekile, just made her movie debut with “The Bridge” and it is a movie directed by award-winning director Kinle Afolayan and produced by Lasun Ray. 
‘The Bridge’ follows Obadare, who is a Yoruba prince and Stella, a young lady from a distinguished Igbo family whose relationship is threatened by tribal prejudice and parental plans for their lives.
When the couple secretly weds against their parents’ wishes, the consequence shakes the very foundation and sustenance of both families.
The Kedike crooner will be featuring in the movie alongside Demola Adedoyin, Ayo Mogaji, Zack Orji, Kunle Afolayan, Tina Mba, Adebayo Salami, Lere Paimo and more. The movie will be release in December 2017.

Wizkid reveals favourite Nigerian artiste
Nigerian music star, Wizkid has named colleague Simisola Bolatito Ogunleye popularly known by her stage name Simi as his favourite artiste of the moment.
‘Starboy’ as popularly called commended Simi for her skills in writing songs.
He also said Simi has a great voice.
Wizkid’s reaction followed her award for Songwriter of the year in Nigeria at the 2017 AFRIMA.
On his twitter page, @wizkid, the star wrote “Simi my fav right now!
“Sweet voice, Girl wey dey write her own songs.”

Kannywood’s Zango writes open letter to ‘haters’
The famous Kannywood actor and singer Adam A. Zango popularly known as ‘Fresh Prince’ has written an open letter to people who he believes does not like him whom he referred to as ‘haters.’
Zango who is one of the Kannywood A-list actors took to his Instagram page on Monday to share the letter.
Zango who starred in Kannywood films like ‘Gwaska Ya Dawo’, ‘Basaja’ and ‘Nas’ lamented that some of his haters were fabricating lies against him by calling him gay, fornicator and beggar, among others.
He said, “I am not gay, or beggar or an atheist, I don’t involve myself in dark magic and I don’t associate with fortune tellers. I didn’t go to anybody and beg for money because I am contented with what I have. Nobody gave me free money without working for it. I said nobody including politicians, traditional rulers or government or rich individuals, anything you see in my possession I got it through my hard work and sweat.
“The only thing you can do to stop me is to kill me, and my life and soul are with God. You cannot do anything to stop me. Haters why would you be fabricating lies against me? They defamed and assassinated my character; I am far ahead of you.
“You called me an unbeliever, gay, fornicator and yet my fans are still with me, they always buy my films and songs. What did I do for you? Anybody that I pushed to go up they would come back fighting me.”

Serena Williams and Alexis Ohanian to tie the knot in New Orleans on Thursday
Serena Williams and her fiance, Alex Ohanian, are reportedly set to tie the knot in front of Beyonce, JAY-Z, and more during their $1 million wedding in New Orleans on Thursday, November 16, 2017.
According to report by Daily Mail claims that 36 years old Serena Williams and her Reddit co-founder fiancé, Alex Ohanian, 34, will be getting married in New Orleans this Thursday. The new parents allegedly planned their $1 million wedding with a ton of secrecy — even their guests, which will reportedly include Beyonce, JAY-Z, Kris Jenner and more, won’t know the exact location of the venue until the morning of the ceremony! However, sources tell the Daily Mail that Serena and Alex will tie the knot at the Contemporary Arts Center in New Orleans.
“Serena and Alexis have spared no expense on their dream wedding,” a source said. Other guests (of the 250 invited) expected to attend include Prince Harry's girlfriend, Meghan Markle, Desperate Housewives actress Eva Longoria and singers Kelly Rowland and Ciara. Guests will reportedly be banned from taking their cell phones to the ceremony because Serena allegedly struck a deal with her good friend, Anna Wintour (the editor-in-chief of Vogue) for the magazine to run photographs from the wedding. This wedding, of course, comes just 11 weeks after the couple gave birth to their daughter, Alexis Olympia Ohanian Jr.  

Tuesday, 14 November 2017

When to introduce solids to your baby

Many mothers are always eager to start feeding their child when the right time comes so that they can at least stop eating much due to breast feeding. But one thing most of them don’t seem to know is that it’s not as easy as it seems to feed a child solid food. Health and breastfeeding experts agree that it’s best to wait until the baby is six months old before offering solid foods and some mothers do abide by this rule especially when they see that the child is constantly sucking on their bosoms. According to research, the American Academy of Pediatrics, the World Health Organization, and many other health organizations recommend that babies be exclusively breastfed (no cereal, juice or other foods) for the first 6 months of life.

Solids readiness depends on both the maturity of baby’s digestive tract and baby’s developmental readiness for solids. Although the maturity of baby’s digestive system is not something that we can readily observe, research indicates that 6 months appears to be ideal for avoiding increased illness and other health risks of too-early solids. A mother’s breast milk is very important to the child’s growth and mental development. Most babies are developmentally ready for solids somewhere between 6 and 8 months. It is recommended that solids are introduced anytime between 4 and 6 months – but it is important you focus on the signs of readiness (see below) for solids rather than the age of your baby.

Below are signs which show that your baby is ready for solids.
Waiting until your baby is ready is very important as it respects your baby's development, greatly reduces the risk of an allergic reaction and shortens the transition time between spoon- and self-feeding. Eating will be a much more ‘fun’ experience if you wait and watch for when your baby is genuinely interested and ready for solids. Your baby will give you clear signs. If you give your baby solids too early, you increase the risk of digestive problems or food allergies.   If solid food completely replaces breast milk or formula too quickly, your baby is also at risk of becoming malnourished.

Head control. Babies need to be able to sit and hold their head steady by themselves before they can begin to eat. When your baby’s head is not steady, then he or she still needs exclusive

Sitting well when supported: Even if baby is not quite ready for a chair, they do need to be able to sit upright to swallow well.

Significant weight gain: A very general guide that baby is ready is when birth weight has doubled. (This is not an indication alone)

Interest in food and watching others eating: Babies have the ability to let you know when they are full and cannot take anymore food. Look for signs such as turning away from the bottle or breast. This is important so that baby is able to have some say in the process and can communicate if and when they have had enough. Babies have build a built in natural appetite and therefore it is important they can self-regulate the amount of food they eat.

Growing appetite. Baby is hungry; even with six to eight feedings of breast milk or formula a day.

Understand the dynamics of their mouth, lips and tongue. Your baby's mouth and tongue develop in sync with the digestive system. To start solids, babies open their mouth when food is offered and should be able to move food to the back of the mouth and swallow.

Loss of the tongue-thrust reflex. To keep solid food in his mouth and then swallow it, your baby needs to stop using his tongue to push food out of his mouth. Also a baby needs to know how to use their tongue to keep themselves from choking. If you start solids too early, your baby may experience a choking sensation by having food in their mouth that they can’t control. This is dangerous and will make meal times stressful for all involved!

Remember - "outward" signs of being ready for solids do not mean that your baby's inner digestive system is mature and ready. Always seek professional opinion if your baby does not respond well when you try to introduce solids.

By Pupwaya Timothy Dibal 

Know your migraine Trigger

A trigger is any event, change, external stimulus, or physical act which seems to result in migraine. It precedes the attack by a short interval which could be as much as up to 6 to 8 hours. The exact cause of migraine is not fully understood, but doctors and healthcare providers do know that many factors can induce a migraine. If you are one of the millions of people who deal with frequent or occasional migraines, it is important to understand your personal migraine triggers and do your best to avoid them. It may not be easy to identify what is triggering your migraine if your attacks are linked to a number of different things. A trigger may not cause an attack every time, which may confuse the situation even more. Keeping a journal of known triggers such as certain foods, odd or smells, change in weather, alcohol or highly caffeinated beverages may be beneficial in avoiding future migraine attacks. It is also crucial to never overuse or abuse any prescription treatment for migraine. Misuse of medication can lead to increased migraine attacks and chronic migraine symptoms.
Stress: A dramatic increase or decrease in physical or psychological stress can trigger a migraine. Majority of migraine patients report that stress is linked to the onset of migraine attacks. Researchers also found out that between 50 and 80 percent of migraine patients say stress triggers their migraine headaches. Some patients experienced migraine in the aftermath of a stressful event, while others experienced a new attack in the midst of a stressful event.
Lack of Sleep: Sleep disturbance is one of the most common factors linked to migraine. Insufficient sleep is often cited as a trigger for acute migraine attacks. Excessive sleep is a frequently reported trigger as well. Jet lag and changes in your work schedule can also be linked to the onset of migraine. Insomnia is the most common sleep disorder associated with chronic migraine. Chronic migraine patients who suffer from insomnia are at increased risk for anxiety or depression. These conditions have one thing in common: sleep disturbance. Fortunately, many patients report that sleep often relieves their migraine headaches.
Hunger or Dehydration: Migraine patients would do well to avoid skipping meals. Research consistently shows that skipping meals is frequently linked to the onset of migraine. It remains uncertain how this happens. It is probably related to falling blood glucose levels. Dehydration has also been suggested as a possible migraine trigger. Failure to drink enough water has been linked to the onset of headache. A small survey of migraine sufferers revealed that “insufficient fluid intake” was linked to headache onset in about 40 percent of responders.
Bright Lights and Loud Sounds: Bright, flickering, or pulsating lights, or loud sounds, may serve as a migraine trigger. Even brief exposure to sunlight may trigger migraine in some patients even though sunlight may not be a primary trigger. However, it may trigger migraine only if the patient has a hangover. Alternately, the patient may already be sleep deprived, stressed, dehydrated, or experiencing low blood sugar due to skipping a meal. Bright light may be a sort of secondary trigger. People whose migraine attacks appear to be triggered by bright light should consider whether these other factors were triggers.
Hormones: Women are three times more likely to suffer from migraine headache than men. Evidence suggests that female sex hormone fluctuations may play a role in headache onset and severity. More than half of female migraine patients in a recent study said they were likely to get severe migraine headaches during menstruation. A small subset of these patients experienced migraine solely during menstruation. The use of oral contraceptives may make symptoms worse, while pregnancy may offer relief among some migraine patients. Pregnancy was linked to worsening symptoms for other patients. Post-menopause may provide some limited relief from headache severity.
Physical Activity: Intense exercise may trigger migraines. A recent study found that 38 percent of migraine sufferers experience exercise-triggered migraine attacks at some point. Many patients with exercise-induced migraine report that their headaches begin with neck pain. More than half abandoned a favourite sport or form of exercise in an effort to avoid triggering migraine attacks. Some patients report that they have been able to substitute low-intensity exercises for high-intensity activities that might trigger an attack.

Endeavour to know your trigger because the earlier you know your migraine trigger the better you will be able to manage it.

By Mercy Kukah

'3 months after my marriage, I am full of regrets'

A day hardly passes by without one hearing or reading publications of a very young marriage riddled with so much trouble.  It’s either the couple wants o get divorce because of domestic violence, allegations of cheating or because one of the partner feel that he or she is regretting marriage. Young and beautiful lady called Sarah recently took to social media to tell the world that she regretted marrying the man she thought loved her. Below is her story.

Disclaimer: Names of people and places have been changed to protect the privacy of the persons involved.

My name is Sarah and I am in my late twenties. I got married to Ugo three months ago but now I am convinced that I made a grave mistake by accepting to marry him. I can no longer cope with what is going on as I am not safe. I met Ugo through a friend’s match making. Ugo lives in Jamaica and when my friend who is related to him told me her brother is looking for a wife, I did not give it any serious thought. After my friend kept pestering me, telling me how much Ugo loves me after she sent my pictures to him; I decided to give him a chance. We started communicating via social media and went on to speak on the phone. He would call me and spend hours talking; telling me all the good things a woman would love to hear. He sent me his photos and I saw was a handsome young man. He told me he was into the importation of cars and electronics into Nigeria and was in the process of building his mansion in Victoria Island in Lagos where, according to him, we would live when we got married. He even instructed his brother to take me to the building site and said I should monitor the progress of work (a moved that made me believed he truly loves me). He would send money to me to pay the contractors and engineers, practically putting me in charge. His brother took me to his hometown to meet with his family and his mother was very happy that her son would finally settle down and become a responsible man.

I had now come to fall in love with Ugo even though I had not met him before and was basking in the euphoria of getting married to him. Early this year, he came to Nigeria and we had our introduction and engagement but I noticed one thing about him which got me troubled initially. He was always getting calls at night and would sneak into the sitting room to pick those calls. When I asked him why he would not pick calls in my presence, Ugo would tell me the calls were from his business partners and that I would not understand what they talked about. After our wedding, I thought Ugo would take me with him to his base but he said he would not want me to come to Malaysia as the country was very hostile. He promised to be coming to Nigeria every month and that he had plans to come back finally in a year or two. But the happy bubble burst for me when I found out that my husband was not only married and had kids with an Asian  woman he lived with, he was also into drug trafficking.  I got to know this when some of his friends came to our house and told me they wanted to take some documents that could be incriminating. I wondered what documents could be incriminating in my house and told them I won't allow them into the house without my husband’s permission. One of them got angry and brought out a gun which he pointed at me and told me to cooperate or they would kill me there and then. They ransacked the house and removed documents I never knew were in the house. When they were done, they asked me if I had heard from Ugo and I told them that he had not called in two weeks and that I could not get him on phone.

That was when they told me that Ugo had been arrested in a drug raid and was already in prison awaiting trial. They also told me that I was to be Ugo’s drug mule as that is what he is grooming me for. I was shocked; thinking how could a man do that to a woman he claimed to love and even got married to? After the men left, I did some findings and found out that Ugo was not only into drugs but a cultist and ritualist. My life is in danger because those men told me that they would be watching me and that if I reported the matter to the police, they would come after me.

What would you advise Sarah to do?

By Pupwaya Timothy Dibal