Thursday, 22 June 2017

50-year-old man allegedly raped 15 months old girl in Bayelsa.

A 50 years old man, identified as Oku Ekanem has been accused by his lover Blessing Joshua, a 40-year-old woman residing in Yenagoa, the Bayelsa state capital, of raping her 15 months old daughter, simply identified as Oku, at the Swali area of the city in Yenagoa on Monday.

According to report, Blessing narrated her trauma to the International Federation of Women Lawyers (FIDA) Wednesday. “It happened on Monday at about 1am. I was watching television with my neighbour till late and retired to bed at about 1am. It was not quite long, I heard the scream of my child and l ran to the direction of the scream. But l was shocked when I saw him defiling my child. 

He claimed it was the work of the devil and I told him that this would be last time, the devil would use him and that I would take the matter seriously. He pleaded and barricaded the door to prevent me from calling neighbours. But I tricked him and ran outside with my child to call police patrol team at our junction. He was arrested but he denied the act. But a test carried out at the hospital showed otherwise.”

Tuesday, 20 June 2017

What Is Preeclampsia?

Preeclampsia is a condition that pregnant women develop. It is marked by high blood pressure in women who have previously not experienced high blood pressure. Preeclamptic women will have a high level of protein in their urine and often also have swelling in the feet, legs, and hands. This condition usually appears late in pregnancy, generally after 20 weeks of pregnancy, although it can occur earlier.

If undiagnosed, preeclampsia can lead to eclampsia, a serious condition that can put mother and baby at risk, and in rare cases, cause death. Women with preeclampsia who have seizures are considered to have eclampsia. There is no way to cure preeclampsia, and that can be a scary prospect for moms-to-be. But you can help protect yourself by learning the symptoms of preeclampsia and by seeing your doctor for regular prenatal care. When preeclampsia is caught early, it is easier to manage.

Preeclampsia can prevent the placenta from receiving enough blood, which can cause your baby to be born very small. It is also one of the leading causes of premature births, and the complications that can follow, including learning disabilities, epileps, cerebral palsy, hearing and vision problems.
In moms-to-be, preeclampsia can cause rare, but serious complications that include; Stroke, seizure, water in the lungs, heart failure, reversible blindness, bleeding from the liver, and bleeding after putting to birth. Preeclampsia can also cause the placenta to suddenly separate from the uterus, which is called placental abruption. This can cause stillbirth.

Some researchers suspect poor nutrition or high body fat are the possible causes, and insufficient blood  flow to the uterus could be associated with it. Genetics plays a role, as well.

Preeclampsia is most often seen in first-time pregnancies, in pregnant teens, and in women over 40 years of age. While it is defined as occurring in women who have never had high blood pressure before, other risk factors include; a history of high blood pressure prior to pregnancy, having a mother or sister who had preeclampsia, carrying more than one baby, history of obesity, history of diabetes, kidney disease, lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.  

Risk factors associated with preeclampsia include:
First pregnancies: The chances of preeclampsia during a first pregnancy are considerably higher than the subsequent ones.
Pregnancy gap: If the second pregnancy occurs at least 10 years after the first, the second pregnancy has an increased risk of preeclampsia.
New paternity: Each pregnancy with a new partner raises the risk of preeclampsia, when compared with a second or third pregnancy with the same partner.
Family history: A woman whose mother or sister had preeclampsia has a higher risk of developing it herself.
Personal history of preeclampsia: A woman who had preeclampsia in her first pregnancy has a much greater risk of having the same condition in her subsequent pregnancies.
Age: Women over 40 and teenagers are more likely to develop preeclampsia compared with women of other ages.
Certain conditions and illnesses: Women with diabetes, high blood pressure, migraines, and kidney disease are more likely to develop preeclampsia.
Obesity: Preeclampsia rates are much higher among obese women.
Multiple pregnancies: If a woman is expecting two or more babies, the risk is higher.
In addition to swelling, protein in the urine, and high blood pressure, preclampsia symptoms can include: rapid weight gain caused by a significant increase in bodily fluid, abdominal pain, severe headaches, change in reflexes, reduced urine or no urine output, dizziness, excessive nausea and vision change.
You should seek care right away if you have;
  • Sudden and new swelling in your face, hands, and eyes (some feet and ankle swelling is normal during pregnancy.)
  • Blood pressure greater than 140/90.
  • Sudden weight gain over 1 or 2 days
  • Abdominal pain, especially in the upper right side
  • Severe headaches
  • A decrease in urine
  • Blurry vision, flashing lights, and floaters.  
You can also have preeclampsia and not have any symptoms. That is why it is so important to see your doctor for regular blood pressure checks and urine tests when you are pregnant.
The only cure for preeclampsia is to deliver your baby. Your doctor will talk with you about when to deliver based on how developed your baby is, how well your baby is doing in your womb, and the severity of your preeclampsia. If your baby has developed enough, usually by 37 weeks or later, your doctor may want to induce labour or perform a cesarean section. This will keep preeclampsia from getting worse. If your baby is not close to term, you and your doctor may be able to treat preeclampsia until your baby has developed enough to be safely delivered. The closer the birth is to your due date, the better for your baby. If you have mild preeclampsia, also known as preeclampsia, with or without severe features, your doctor may prescribe bed rest, either at home or in the hospital.  You will be asked to rest mostly on your left side. Resting helps bring the blood pressure down, which in turn increases the flow of blood to the placenta which benefits the baby. There would be careful observation with a fetal heart rate monitor and frequent ultrasounds, plus medicines to lower your blood pressure, and blood and urine tests.
For a diagnosis of preeclampsia to be made, both of the following test must come out positive:
Hypertension: The woman's blood pressure is too high. A blood pressure reading above 140/90 millimeters of mercury is abnormal in pregnancy.

Protein in urine: Protein is detected in the urine. Urine samples are collected over 12 hours or more, and the amount of protein is assessed. This can give an indication of the severity of the condition.

The doctor may also order further diagnostic tests which may include;
Blood Test: To see how well the kidneys and the liver are functioning and whether the blood is clotting properly.
Fetal Ultrasound: The baby's progress will be closely monitored to make sure they are growing properly.
Non-Stress Test: The doctor checks how the baby's heartbeat reacts when it moves. If the heartbeat increases 15 beats or more a minute for at least 15 seconds twice every 20 minutes, it is an indication that everything is normal.
The symptoms of preeclampsia should go away within a few weeks of delivery.

By: Mercy Kukah 

The Entrepreneur and Stress

Every entrepreneur knows it’s no small feat to successfully build and manage a business. Whether it is a multi-billion naira conglomerate with years of accumulated contacts and clientele, or it is a small start-up company with the head office space doubling as your living room, running a business takes determination and diligence. Many times, this means you have to experience more stress than you would working a typical job. As an entrepreneur, you are a leader. You are not only chasing your dream, but also convincing other people to chase it with you. And in the midst of all the dream chasing and deal brokering, you may sometimes forget to take a moment to breathe and relax, or you may feel that lying down to relax for a few hours is a waste of valuable time. Many business owners have, at some point, felt that they needed to push the limits; they ignore personal well-being in favour of serving the seemingly endless needs of the business. Well, it turns out you could actually be doing your business more harm than good with all your “hard-work”. According to some expert opinion on, if you’re aspiring to be a great entrepreneur, you have to learn one thing first: how to relax. And here is why:

1. Stress affects more than just your happiness. If you’re frequently under stress, your appearance changes, your sleep becomes increasingly disordered, which will in turn lead to hostile behaviour, even to those you should care most about – your workers and clients. As an entrepreneur, it is critical that you maintain control of yourself at all times, no matter what happens; keep it together. You may come across a potential investor who crudely critiques your business; a co-founder who disagrees with you on important decisions you have made; or a machine that just wouldn’t work. But through all this, the worst thing you could possibly do is lash out at the person, or the tool that is frustrating you. If you continue with a high level of stress, you’ll wear away at your self-control and ability to maintain emotional stability. At some point, you’ll fly off the handle, spewing out waterworks, or breathing fire at the worst possible moment.

2. If you’re stressed out enough, or for long periods of time, you will start to have diminished mental capacities; simply put, you’ll become incompetent, though you’re unlikely to notice this until it’s too late. While a jolt of adrenaline can make your mind race and accomplish things faster, long-term stress actually hurts your brain. This means that while you think you’re working faster, you’re likely forgetting important points and are speeding towards a poor decision the longer you stay fatigued. If this doesn’t bother you as much as it should, consider this: according to an article on, these effects could be permanent, as they actually make your brain age faster.
3. Enough stress will make your body desperate for a way to relieve it. According to This article on Reader’s Digest, if you are stressed out for long enough, your body will actually suppress your immune system, which means you’ll not only be more likely to get sick, but it will take you a longer time to fight it off.  So being “too busy” to make time for yourself will cause your body to break down.

Finally, nobody expects being an entrepreneur to be a relaxing experience. It is a tough road and more so, because sometimes you have to navigate it all by yourself. However, this does not mean that you should torture yourself in the name of being ambitious or dedicated. Find the time to take a breather and reduce your stress. And when you’ve had a particularly hectic week or month, make a conscious effort to recover. Success in business is a long-term project, and you can’t hope to make it if you keep stressing yourself too much.

By: Akaomachi B.

Monday, 19 June 2017

Beauty Trend: Eyebrow Wigs!

So, I was doing a research on makeup innovations in recent times and I came across many different new and amazing beauty innovations promising to change your life (or at least your looks) for the better: From Do-it-Yourself Laser hair removal tools with 5 different settings for different skin tones, to hair dryers that emit less heat (thereby causing less damage to the hair), but also dry faster and moisturize your hair, all at once! There is plenty of alluring new beauty products out there; one can evidently see that beauty product manufacturers have "put on their thinking caps" and are working tirelessly to make our morning makeup routines less strenuous. 
But in all the fascinating (and they really are fascinating!) beauty innovations I found, none is as interesting as the Eyebrow Wigs! Yep – there are wigs for your brows now, and they are simply genius. What is more impressive about the pair of wigs is that, not only do they provide an alternative to having to fill in, pluck or draw your brow arches every morning, more importantly, people experiencing hair loss from chemotherapy or alopecia can use them. In fact, the wigs are said to have originally been made for those with hair loss problems before it was ‘hijacked’ by the beauty world and became a trend.  The faux brows are made from real human hair, and provide a way to recreate the eyebrows without committing to the much more permanent option of micro-blading (a form of tattoo artistry where pigment is implanted under your skin with a manual handheld tool). So, if you never really got the hang of on how to draw those picture-perfect brow arches, or you have sparse, thin brow hair caused by over plucking or waxing, or you just can’t be bothered with attending to your brows every morning, these wigs can help you achieve the brows you dream of, with very little effort.
The brows have a flexible base made of transparent lace. An adhesive attaches them to the skin, and they stay on for about a week! Just remove your makeup, apply eyelash glue to your brow bone area and stick them to your face. There! Eyebrow dream come true! The lace-style sticker is invisible and the brows look like perfectly sculpted brows; as long as you apply them correctly. They also come in different shapes, colours and sizes! Amazing, right? I know! But there are those who do not think so. Judging by the reactions on social media, a good number of people are having a hard time accepting eyebrow wigs as a worthwhile beauty trend. While some are fixated on the idea of having detachable brows, others are questioning the rightness of having a healthy person put on the wigs for beauty purposes, when they were originally made for people who suffer from illnesses that result in hair loss. And then, there are those who are just not open to the idea for reasons known only to them. But there are still a good number of people who think that this innovation is a brilliant beauty accessory. Whether the wigs take off as the newest beauty “must-have” remains to be seen, but the brilliance of them is definitely undeniable.

By: Akaomachi B.

The seed with great healing powers (Habbatus Sauda)

Black cumin seed is a part of the buttercup family, the seeds are dark, thin and crescent shaped. The seed has a remarkable healing properties that make it one of the most powerful medicinal plants known to man.
Habbatus Sauda, as it is popularly called among Muslims who are familiar with the seed, is the Arabic name. Its relevance was first underlined about fifteen centuries ago and was described as a cure for all diseases, except death. This amazing seed has been used over the years to cure various ailments and diseases. Oil can be extracted from the seed and both the seed and the oil have been found to be very therapeutically effective. The seed and oil are also used in cosmetics to improve skin and hair texture.
Even though the black cumin seed is not common in Nigeria, it is widely used among Muslims as medicine for various diseases. Regular consumption of this seed or oil can help prevent the growth and spread of colon cancer cells; the seed is also use in preventing and treating many other types of cancer. It helps stimulate the activity of neutrophil granulocytes which is the most abundant type of white blood cells in the body, which are responsible for targeting cancer cells and eliminating them before they can develop into tumors. It also stimulates the production of bone marrow cells of the immune system, protects normal cells from the damaging effects of viral diseases and increases the number of antibody producing B cells. The black cumin seed can be sprinkled whole or ground up on food; the oil can also be used on salads and other dishes.
Black cumin seed can be use in treating the following ailment;
Heart Issues: Black cumin seed oil shows some great results in improving your overall heart health. It can reduce bad or LDL cholesterol, lower blood pressure and reduce the risk of heart attacks.
Type II Diabetes: Consuming black seed oil aids people to stabilize blood sugar level, improves insulin resistance and promotes cell functions. Black seed extracts help inhibit the absorption of glucose in the intestine and improve glucose tolerance; a compound found in black seeds increases the insulin sensitivity of liver cells, which helps prevent type 2 diabetes.
Epilepsy: Black seeds have anti compulsive properties and can reduce the frequency of seizures in people, especially children, who are diagnosed with epilepsy.
Asthma: The oil can aid people with asthma. Some studies even claim it to be more potential than the conventional medicine to reduce the asthmatic effect on the airways. The anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties of black seed oil relax bronchial muscles and help people fight acute asthma attacks and coughs. You could massage the oil straight on your chest, or add a teaspoon to a cup of ginger tea to find instant relieve.
MRSA: Methicillin –resistant staphylococcus aureus, is an antibiotic resistant bacterium that causes many deaths. Most infections occur in people who have been hospitalized or had surgery or dialysis. Black seeds strong anti-bacterial properties show some great and promising results in killing these deadly and resistant bacteria.
Cold and Flu: Due to its anti-inflammatory, antiviral and anti bacterial properties, black seeds are an effective treatment to cure flu and colds. They soothe a sore throat, reduce fever and ease digestive issues such as nausea, stomach upset and cramps. When you feel any of such symptoms, mix ½ teaspoon of fresh ginger with ½ teaspoon of black seed oil, use twice a day until symptoms disappear.
Toothaches: The black seed oil fights bacteria and cures inflammation, making it a great treatment to ease toothaches.
Poisoning: Black seeds are brain friendly. Study shows that it can protect and even reverse damage to the brain due to lead poisoning.
Treat Hair loss: The oil helps reduce hair loss. Its powerful antioxidant and antimicrobial properties help strengthen hair follicles, which reduces hair loss. Its antifungal property prevents infections that cause hair loss. It also has a moisturizing quality that protects hair from damage, speeds up hair growth and promotes healthy hair. You can mix equal amounts of black seed oil and olive oil, warm the mixture and rub it on any bald patches; wait for at least 30 minutes, then wash your hair with shampoo. Repeat this process twice a week to fight hair loss.

By: Mercy Kukah   


Friday, 16 June 2017

Why Yoga is important during Pregnancy

Every expectant mother wants to nurture and offer the best care for her child even inside the womb. Staying active during pregnancy will help not just the mother but also the baby, so putting in some extra effort to wake up half hour early to have a healthy start through prenatal workouts will be very beneficial, especially to the mother during labour. Body fitness is the best pregnancy care for expectant mothers. It is beneficial to follow any form of exercise that can help strengthen the muscles and prepare the body for child birth.
Therefore, yoga is very important during pregnancy because of its positive effect on labour. It can also help reduce post pregnancy weight loss, and help in shaping the body. Yoga can be practised even in the 8th or 9th month of pregnancy for better outcome.
Some benefits of yoga to pregnant women include;
It Provides Balance: As the bump grows, your body’s centre of gravity shifts, which in turn causes back ache and other health problems. Apart from physical ailments, pregnancy hormones also play a role in disrupting your emotional balance. Prenatal yoga is one of the beneficial pregnancy workouts that provide physical and mental balance to the expectant mothers.
Prepare You for Labour: When you practice yoga from early pregnancy, it helps with breathing exercises which will come in handy during child birth. It also strengthens the pelvic floor muscles, hips and tummy which will support in easy labour by having control over the abdominal muscles. Yoga also helps you to concentrate and mentally prepares you for the big day.
Calm the Nerves: As you practice prenatal yoga poses, the nervous system goes into a parasympathetic mode which will relax the body and mind. It relieves stress, tension, and improves your sleep pattern; although you may experience mood swings, sleeplessness etc.
Lower Body Pain: Most pregnant women suffer from constant body pain that includes neck, shoulders, arms, hip, chest, upper back, lower back, thigh etc. Walking, cardio and swimming can contribute to pain relief, but all these exercises should be combined to give complete relief from muscle pain. However, pregnancy yoga is a one step remedy to all these ailments.
Increases Blood Circulation: Yoga poses tend to increase circulation and elongate muscles which relieve swelling and increase immunity. As pregnant women are prone to infection, it is good to improve your immune system which will keep your body active and create a healthy environment inside the womb for the baby to grow.
Strengthens the Body:  Yoga poses are widely practised. They help to build body stamina, and strengthen shoulders, arms, hips and back, compared to other exercises. Sign up for a prenatal yoga class, or you can go online to check out for different and easy options on pregnancy yoga positions to avoid strenuous poses that might be difficult during pregnancy.
If you are an expectant mother, you may want to start a yoga exercise because the benefits are just too much to be ignored. Why not start your yoga training today to ease your labour pain. Know that you can continue yoga even after child birth to keep a check on your post pregnancy weight gain. With regular workout regime, yoga can help you become a stronger and a better mom.
By: Mercy Kukah 

7 guaranteed ways to relieve nausea at home

Nausea is the feeling of uneasiness and discomfort in your upper stomach and the sensation of wanting to vomit. There are quite a number of things that can cause nausea, but the condition can be prevented, or treated. Nausea isn’t usually something serious, but it might be a symptom of an underlying problem, especially when it is accompanied by other symptoms like:

Difficulty breathing

Black or bloody stools

Abdominal pain, bloating or swelling

Swelling of feet and ankles

Dark urine

Dizziness or fainting

If nausea is accompanied by any of these symptoms, then a doctor should be seen. But if the feeling of wanting to vomit is not accompanied by any other symptom, then there are things you can do which would make you feel better.

You might also want to try and identify the cause of the nausea, maybe it was triggered by a particular food, alcohol, stress, travel or motion; or maybe it developed suddenly, gradually, or the feeling is intermittent (on and 0ff).

So, to relieve nausea, here are some of the things you should do:

Drink enough water

Do not take coffee or alcohol

Do not eat spicy, sweet, fried or fatty foods

Eat bland or plain foods

Eat small portions of meal every few hours, and eat them slowly so your stomach won’t feel full

Avoid activity after eating

Sit down after eating, or lie down with your head elevated.

By: Pupwaya Timothy Dibal 

Wednesday, 14 June 2017

What is Dry Drowning?

Dry drowning is the second leading cause of accidental death for children of ages one to fourteen years. It is a situation whereby water gets into the airway and down into the lungs. Small amount of water is taken in through the nose or mouth, and it causes a spasm (an involuntary sudden muscle contraction) in the airway which can lead to difficulty in breathing, thereby leading to suffocation.

Dry drowning is a frightening and very real risk that parents should be aware of. A child can seem perfectly fine after getting submerged in water, then he begins to have trouble breathing 24 hours later. It is very important for parents to always monitor their kids anytime they have contact with water, because the onset of dry drowning can be delayed for upwards of five hours or more. It doesn’t always happen immediately. The signs and symptoms of dry drowning actually are not that strikingly obvious. You may not have witnessed your child inhale or swallow water, so it is important to watch for some signs. Some of these signs include; chest pain, difficulty in breathing, change in the child’s behaviour, consistent coughing, excessive sweating and odd physical changes, such as paleness in the eyes and skin.

Parents should be extra vigilant in preventing dry drowning by providing constant supervision around open water. Always supervise your kids when they are swimming; do not allow them to drink fluids quickly. When swimming, children are expected to wear proper swimming equipment such as nose plugs. Ensure that your child does not swim in a pool deeper than four feet. Parents should take appropriate precautions when swimming in pools, lakes or even paddling pools for smaller children. Teach your kids about basic water safety and get them comfortable in the pool with swimming lessons at an early age.

If drowning should occur, the child should be taken to the hospital as soon as possible because the water or fluids need to be removed from the lungs and the child administered oxygen with the assistance of a ventilator or respirator. However, before you get to the hospital you can administer mouth to mouth respiration. Additional help may be obtained by placing a moderate weight on the child’s back. The object can assist in expelling the water from the lungs. The child should be in supine position. You can also press the victim’s belly, but make sure that you do not press too hard.

Bear in mind that drowning does not happen instantaneously and it can happen silently. A child can appear perfectly normal. It is very important for parents to be aware of dry drowning. By being aware, you will more likely reduce the risk of tragic incident happening. 

By: Mercy Kukah 

Tips to Prevent Dandruff

It is not necessary to spend a lot of money in order to keep your hair healthy and beautiful. No one likes dandruff in the hair. Dandruff is a common scalp condition marked by white flakes and itching. A possible cause is yeast-like fungus called malassezia, also known as pityrosporum. Malassezia is normally found on the scalp without causing problems. However, if it grows unchecked, possibly due to hormone imbalances, stress, immune suppression, infrequent shampooing, illness, or increased oil production, there is mild inflammation that produces dead skin cells. The dead cells mix with oil and clump together making them appear white and flaky.
Dandruff can also be caused by change of weather, or lots of stress. You can avoid stress, both emotional and physical. Take proper rest and pay attention to nutritious diet.
When treating or trying to prevent dandruff, bear in mind that it has no permanent cure. Development of dandruff is, in fact, due to a tendency of your scalp. Even if you clear it, after sometime, when there is favorable condition for its development, it might reoccur. So, you have to make sure that you follow a regular cleaning routine and take care of your hair and body.
Tips to Prevent Dandruff
        Choose a dandruff fighting shampoo that is mild but contains active ingredients that help get rid of dandruff.
        Wash your hair regularly. Some people need to shampoo daily while others wash their hair twice or thrice in a week.
        Make sure you massage your scalp gently while shampooing. Do not scrub or rub roughly even if you feel irritation on your scalp.
        Avoid using styling materials that increase dandruff in your hair. Also keep yourself away from stress as much as possible. Stress increases dandruff.
        If are applying natural products, give some time in observing the results because natural treatments take time.
Homemade Remedies for Dandruff
         Mix 1/4 cup of apple cider vinegar with 1/4 cup of water. Pour this mixture into a spray bottle and spray it onto your hair and scalp, being careful to avoid the eye and the ear.
        Wrap your head in a towel. After 15minutes to an hour, remove the towel and wash your hair. This is generally done once to twice a week. You will get good results.
        Using cotton balls apply lukewarm coconut oil on your scalp and leave it overnight. In the morning, apply lemon juice on it. Leave it for 30 minutes and then wash your hair as usual.
        Mix olive oil with almond oil and then massage it gently on your scalp. Leave it for five minutes and then wash your hair.
        Grind fenugreek seeds soaked overnight into paste and apply. Leave for 30 minutes and then wash your hair.
        Aloe Vera is also great for soothing itching skin. This is because it has endless medicinal properties. Massage it on your hair, leave for 15 minutes and then wash as usual.

By: Mercy Kukah